What is depression and are there different types of depression?

What is depression?

Depression is a low mood that can last for a sustained period and affects your everyday life. If mild it can mean you have low spirits. It may not stop you from leading a normal life but it can make things harder. When most severe, depression can be life-threatening and make you feel suicidal.

When can low mood turn to depression?

If the feelings are interfering with your life and don't go away after a couple of weeks, or if they come back over and over again for a few days at a time, it could be a sign that you're experiencing depression.

Common signs and symptoms of depression

You might feel

• upset, tearful, or down

• restless or irritable

• worthless and down on yourself

• empty and numb

• isolated and unable to relate to other people

• finding no pleasure in life or things you usually enjoy

• a sense of unreality

• no self-confidence or self-esteem

• hopeless and despairing

• suicidal.

What types of depression are there?

You can have mild, moderate, or severe depression. There are also specific depression types such as:

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) – a depression that occurs at a particular time of year, or during a particular season.

Dysthymia – Also called a persistent depressive disorder or chronic depression. This is a mild depression that lasts for two years or more.

Prenatal depression – a depression that occurs during pregnancy. This is sometimes also called antenatal depression.

Postnatal depression (PND) – a depression that occurs in the first year after giving birth.

Bipolar disorder is manic depression - The cycles can be short or very long-lasting for several weeks or even months. There are four major categories of bipolar disorder: Bipolar I disorder and bipolar II disorder. The third is Cyclothymic disorder and the fourth is a bipolar disorder due to another medical or substance abuse disorder.

If this article rings true to you and you are looking for help, then please contact us and we can discuss how counselling sessions can help you. We work with clients all across Gloucestershire. Our clinic is based in Malmesbury, we are conveniently located between Cirencester (25mins) and Tetbury (10mins).

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